HONG KONG AT A GLANCE
TREATY & HISTORY
Hong Kong is an incredible city in Asia, having its size slightly bigger than Singapore but comparatively smaller than greater London. Before the British colonial time, Hong Kong was a rural area of China with people mostly fishing and farming for a living. And then three treaties were signed at 1842, 1860, and 1898, divided and concluded Hong Kong into Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and New Territories. Since then, the story became interesting, very interesting.
At the dawn of colonial time, the population in Hong Kong was about 7,000 people. As a city began to evolve, the population raised to 7.5 million today. There are loads of failure and success for ideas and structures, yet, blood and sand for the people and their work, all and all make Hong Kong as one of the most influential cities in Asia.
CLIMATE & SEASOONS
Hong Kong has a subtropical forest climate and without human impacts would be entirely covered in the tall, dense, species-rich, largely evergreen forest.
The main interest is the prevalence of winds from the north-eastern quadrant from September to May and from the south-western quadrant from June to August, clear evidence of the monsoons.
The rainy season in Hong Kong may be broadly divided into drizzling and rain showers from March to June and with much of the rain or even rainstorm attributable to tropical cyclones from July to October. The tropical cyclone season can start as early as April and end as late as December. The peak occurs around July to September, during which period tropical cyclone signal number one or above is in effect for about four to five days each month on average.
Water is the foundation of life. Hong Kong is a city with the most number of water reservoirs in the world. With a growing population of 7.5 million people in the city, plus over 10,000 visitors each day, the need for clean and stable water supply is no joke.
Currently, Hong Kong has a 3-pronged water supply system, comprising rainwater from local catchments, imported water from Dongjiang in Guangdong and seawater for toilet flushing, respectively accounting for 21%, 57% and 22% of the total water consumption of 1,292 million cubic metres in 2018. With these three water sources, Hong Kong has been enjoying reliable water supply over the years.
PLANTS & ANIMALS
Although renowned as a compact urban centre, Hong Kong has thousands of square kilometres of rugged coastline, mountain ranges and country parks. So not surprisingly it is home to an impressive range of wildlife. Straddling the transition zone between the tropics and the temperate region, its biodiversity is greater than usually found in such a small area.
Almost 3,000 species of flowering plants, 55 species of terrestrial mammals, over 100 species of amphibians and reptiles, 200 species of freshwater fish, 128 dragonfly and 245 butterfly species make their homes here. With over 550 species recorded, Hong Kong also boasts one-third of the total bird species in China.
Although Hong Kong is one of the world’s metropolis, out of the total 1 108 square kilometres of land, about three-quarters is the countryside. Scenically, Hong Kong has a great deal to offer: a landscape rising from sandy beaches and rocky foreshores to heights of almost 1 000 metres, woodlands and mountain ranges covered by open grassland and a variety of scenic vistas rarely, if ever, matched in so small a territorial unit.
A total of 24 country parks have been designated for the purposes of nature conservation, countryside recreation and outdoor education. The country parks and special areas cover a total area of 443 square kilometres, about 40% of the total land in Hong Kong. The country parks comprise scenic hills, woodlands, reservoirs and coastline in all parts of Hong Kong. There are 22 special areas created mainly for the purpose of nature conservation.