HONG KONG AT A GLANCE
TREATIES & HISTORY
Hong Kong is an incredible city in Asia, with its size slightly bigger than Singapore but smaller than greater London. Before the British colonial time, Hong Kong was a rural area of China with people mostly fishing and farming for a living. When three treaties were signed in 1842, 1860, and 1898, Hong Kong was established with three main areas, namely Hong Kong Island, Kowloon, and the New Territories. Since then, the story has became interesting, very interesting.
At the dawn of colonial time, the population in Hong Kong was about 7,000 people. As a city began to evolve, the population eventually rose to 7.5 million today. There have been loads of failures and successes for ideas and structures. Yet, blood and sand for the people and their work, all and all make Hong Kong one of the most influential cities in Asia. Check out Early Migrants, Semi-Chinese Experience, and Munch and Ride if you are a culture freak.
CLIMATE & SEASONS
Hong Kong has a subtropical forest climate. Without human impact, the place would be entirely covered in the tall, dense, species-rich, largely evergreen forest. That is where our Eco Tour begins.
Between September and May each year, winds prevail from the north-eastern quadrant. The rest of the year (ie June till August) winds from the south-western quadrant prevail, which are clear evidences of the monsoons.
The rainy season in Hong Kong may be broadly divided into drizzling and rain showers from March to June and with much of the rain or even rainstorm attributable to tropical cyclones from July to October. The tropical cyclone season may start as early as April and end as late as December. The peak occurs around July to September, during which period tropical cyclone signal number one or above is in effect for about four to five days each month on average.
Check out our Weather Policy
Water is the foundation of life. Hong Kong is a city with the highest number of water reservoirs in the world. With a population of 7.5 million people in the city, plus over 10,000 visitors each day, the need for a clean and stable water supply is no joke. Join our The Dam Things Tour to explore reservoirs in Hong Kong.
Currently, Hong Kong has a 3-pronged water supply system, comprising rainwater from local catchments, imported water from Dongjiang in Guangdong, and seawater for toilet flushing respectively, accounting for 21%, 57%, and 22% of the total water consumption of 1,292 million cubic meters in 2018. With these three water sources, Hong Kong has been enjoying a reliable water supply over the years.
PLANTS & ANIMALS
Although renowned as a compact urban center, Hong Kong has hundreds of square kilometers of rugged coastline, mountain ranges, and country parks. It is therefore no surprise that we are home to an impressive range of wildlife. Straddling the transition zone between the tropics and the temperate region, its biodiversity is greater than usually found in such a small area.
Almost 3,000 species of flowering plants, 55 species of terrestrial mammals, over 100 species of amphibians and reptiles, 200 species of freshwater fish, 128 dragonflies, and 245 butterfly species make their homes here. With over 550 species recorded, Hong Kong also boasts one-third of the total bird species in China.
Join our HK Nightfall Tour to explore the biodiversity of Hong Kong.
Although Hong Kong is one of the world’s metropolis, out of the total 1 106 square kilometers of land area, about three-quarters is the countryside. Scenically, Hong Kong has a great deal to offer: a landscape rising from sandy beaches and rocky foreshores to heights of almost 1 000 meters, woodlands and mountain ranges covered by open grassland, and a variety of scenic vistas rarely, if ever, matched in such a small territorial unit.
A total of 24 country parks have been designated for the purposes of nature conservation, countryside recreation, and outdoor education. The country parks and special areas cover a total area of 443 square kilometers, about 40% of the total land in Hong Kong. The country parks comprise scenic hills, woodlands, reservoirs, and coastline in all parts of Hong Kong. There are 22 special areas created mainly for the purpose of nature conservation.
Check out our Blog to find out more about EcoTravel Information in Hong Kong.
Lantau Island is the largest island situated in the southwest of Hong Kong. With an area of approximately 147sq kilometers, predominantly covered by dense forests and high mountains. Sunset Peak and Lantau Peak are 2 of the 3 highest peaks in Hong Kong situated on Lantau Island. 70% of the island is occupied with the largest country parks in Hong Kong and two special areas designated for nature conservation. Evidence of human settlement from the Stone Age is found along the coastline and typical Island Ecosystem with endemic species which encourage countless ecologists and archaeologists to discover the secrets of Lantau Island. Start your Eco Tour journey on Lantau Island with us.