(Climate) The Ultimate Backpacking Guide to Hong Kong
The Ultimate Guide to Backpacking in Hong Kong
Backpacking is one of the best ways to travel eco-friendly in any part of the world. Backpacking or trekking is a way of travel without any transportation but your own foot. It is often associated with the natural environment and outdoor activities. Hong Kong offers you a unique backpacking experience, a "city in nature" characteristics that you wouldn’t find anywhere else in the world.
Hong Kong, a city in nature, hiking trails are just within walking distances, and most of the hiking trails are interconnected, which you can almost walk your way through Hong Kong. One of the best things about backpacking in Hong Kong is all the campsites within the country park areas are free!! You just have to pay for your food and transportation to and from your starting point.
Yet, there is still a number of questions and issues to answer when planning your backpacking trip in Hong Kong. Good preparation is never wasted. The better you prepare yourself for the trip, the greater the experience. This is an Ultimate Guide to Backpacking Travel in Hong Kong.
NOTE: This article is just a part of The Ultimate Backpacking Guide to Hong Kong.
Climate, the weather, is the number one priority when planning any outdoor activities. Especially when you know you will be alone in the wilderness situation. The weather factor will determine your gear, clothing, food, and routes.
Hong Kong is a city within the subtropical region overlapping the temperate zone and tropical zone. The monsoon clearly defines the four seasons, Spring starting from February to April, long Summertime from May to September, Autumn starting from late September to early November, and a short Wintertime from December to January.
Generally speaking, the climate in the subtropical region is more comparable to a tropical climate rather than the temperate zone. The monsoon is the main factor affecting the weather in the region. Monsoon wind from the South affects the area during Summer, bringing in a lot of tropical depression and rainfall. While the cold air from the northern temperate zone generates strong prevailing wind during the short Winter.
The table showed the actual temperature your body feels like. The readings highlighted in yellow indicate there will be very high chances of having heat exhaustion, heatstroke and dehydration.
As Hong Kong is more comparable to the tropical climate, humidity is the key when you look at the weather forecast, to anticipate how the temperature is actually going to be like. The higher the humidity, the higher the density of the air, which makes your body “feels more”. In other words, if the humidity is high during the summertime, your body will feel a lot hotter than the actual temperature, and if the humidity is high during the wintertime, your body will feel a lot colder than the actual temperature. Given that the average humidity is around 85%, most of the time you will feel more than the actual temperature.
As you may have noticed, the long Summertime contributes a lot to the general climate. Another worth to mention is that the daily sunlight can be as long as 13 hours a day during the summertime. This is certainly an advantage when you are out in the wilderness. It gives you more time to set up camp, collect firewoods, or even give you more flexibility when planning your routes.
On the flip side, Summer brings in tropical depressions, or worse, the Typhoon or Cyclone. We have reports from damages caused by typhoons almost every year. Not to mention the high-speed wind causing the damage, but the rainfall that comes along with the tropical depressions. Mudslides or even landslides are very common, and it happens almost most of the time in country parks. The tremendous amount of water also causes a lot of flooding and overflow in the rivers or streams, and water reservoirs.
Somehow there are good and bad for your considerations when planning your trip. In conclusion, some tips regarding the climate factor for you when planning your trip are:
Your gear must be waterproof and highly breathable
Your clothing must be dry quickly with sun protection
Your food must be insulated and packed airtight
Your route planning must be updated with weather conditions
What Season is the Best for Backpacking?
It depends on the activities you are planning to do while backpacking, and it depends on your backpacking style. It would be hell if you are planning for an expedition trip with extensive hiking in summer, while it would be heaven if you are planning for a grill and chill trip in a forest during Autumn.
You can plan various activities within the scope of country parks. Hiking from one spot to another, and camp in between is great, but wouldn’t it be awesome if you could see more and do more during your backpacking trip? Personally, I do recommend some activities in different seasons during your backpacking trips, and a few examples are listed below:
Sounds interesting? It’s not common to include snorkelling activities in backpacking trips in many parts of the world. Yet, it is very common in Hong Kong to include, or some of us will consider snorkelling as the highlight of the trip. There are 7 Marine Parks with 84 species of reef-building corals in Hong Kong, and nearly 1000 fish species from the South-China Sea. Double Haven Marine Park is the top pick!
Photo was taken in Hoi Ha Wan Marine Park. Snorkelling during my backpacking trip in Sai Kung.
For those of you who can stay sun and sand all day! There are over 100 beaches in Hong Kong, and many of those are located in remote islands. But still, there are too many beautiful beaches to mention and introduce. My top picks would be Pak Lap Wan (Sai Kung) and Pui O Beach (Lantau Island).
Photo was taken at Maclehose Trail Section 2, lookout to Long Ke Beach
You might be thinking there will be a lot of gear to carry, right? You get it wrong. You are lucky enough to have kayaking facilities for almost every major spot for kayaking. The facilities or stores are mostly run by villagers, and they will charge you a fixed amount of money with everything included (lifevest, kayak, and paddle). A waterproof bag is all you need.
This is my favourite activity while backpacking. Especially when it comes to the moment of catch and cook, that really nailed the trip. One of the great things about fishing is that the activity itself is very challenging and time-consuming. It gives you a vibe of hunting for your own food. With over 450km long of coastline, and different microhabitats within, you have endless hunting grounds for fishing.
Another great thing about including fishing activities in your backpacking trip is that you have an option for fishing freshwater fishes in most of the water reservoirs. Water reservoirs are all within the scope of country parks. So you have even more options when planning your backpacking route. From my experience, those freshwater fishes living in water reservoirs are generally larger and stronger. That “FISH ON” experience is like fighting a monster in a peaceful environment.
You do need a Fishing License for fishing in the water reservoirs. And there is a fishing period from September to March every year, avoiding the spawning activities.
For more information, click here.
Sunrise / Sunset
Seriously? Sunrise and sunset every day, do I really have to plan for this? Well, yes, I’m very serious about this. There are several factors that affect your chances of getting the best sunrise or sunset.
First, the time for sunset and sunrise is different for every season, so you should keep your backpacking plan updated. You might want to adjust and prepare yourself more buffer time to “wait and see” for the best sunset or sunrise you can get.
Second, the paths of the sun are different throughout the year. Which means the location of the campsites or any selected spots will have different results of seeing sunset and sunrise.
Photo was taken at Tsin Yue Wan Campsite during sunset
Check out another post for “The Best Spots for Watching Sunrise and Sunset”.
Visit Natural Attractions near Campsites
With more than 40% of the lands are included in country parks, and hundreds of years of Chinese and British Colonial history, there are so many spots to see and explore around or nearby. You should check out other posts for more natural attractions:
There are so many things to talk about when it comes to style, regardless of the planned activities. Whether you want to pack light or ultra-light, or considering comfortability is the priority, how you pack your gear should adjust according to 5 Weather Warning Signals, so to make every season perfect for your backpacking trip.
It is anticipating a probability of flashes of lightning and claps of thunder within the area of Hong Kong. It may be the signs of an arriving cloud of a storm, or in between the period of tropical depressions. You should seek shelter and avoid getting close to any tall or metallic objects.
Cold and Very Hot Weather Warning
The signals are the calculations of sunlight, wind speed, temperature, and humidity, to conclude a state of weather may be harmful to our health and people with special conditions. Summer in particular, Very Hot Weather Warning, is a signal indicating there will be very high chances for heatstroke or dehydration.
Strong Monsoon Signal
The prevailing wind of monsoon comes from Northeast, and the signal in place when the monsoon wind is expected to exceed 40km/hour. If you are planning your route over several exposed peaks, the monsoon wind may exceed 70km/hour, The wind chill is no joke.
Fire Danger Warnings
As a responsible camper, you should be aware of the signal when you are thinking of starting a fire. The signal is in place mostly during the wintertime, it indicates the humidity is extremely low, and nature’s surroundings may easily catch fire. We have fire reports every year, all of them are human mistakes. So please be mindful when starting a fire.
The warning signals are required precautionary measures and decisions to prevent or avoid unpleasant or even deadly accidents. It is your responsibility to check and understand the meaning of other warning signals. For instance, if the Red Rainstorm Warning Signal is in place, all outdoor activities should be stopped and stay in a safe shelter. For more weather warning signals information, please visit: The Details of Weather Warning Signals. https://www.hko.gov.hk/en/wservice/warning/details.htm
What Will You Expect From Different Seasons, and What Clothing and Tent Should I Prepare?
Most of the tourists from the temperate zone of the northern hemisphere consider the winter in Hong Kong as “WARM”. Well, think about the average temperature from the northern hemisphere in many countries, Hong Kong is “WARM”, I mean, at least for them. And some of my friends just moved to Hong Kong, they found summer is like “HELL” if they are walking on the streets with tall buildings. It’s like a sauna on the street.
SO, the question is, what clothing and tent should I prepare for the trips?
Clothing: Quick-Dry is the priority. I can guarantee you, you will sweat a lot! If your clothing can dry quickly, you can wash them at night and will be dry the next day. Second, sun protection, wear long sleeves if you don’t like putting sunscreen on. My tip is to bring more spare underwear. Trust me, you will need them for a comfy night.
Tent: Grab a tent with separate rainfly, in case you stand the heat during the night, you can take off the rainfly, let the wind get through. But don’t forget the rainfly, it saves a lot of souls when it rains so hard, you will be grateful when you have a waterproof shelter. A tent with a mosquito net is a must! The mosquito net is not only against the mosquitos, and many other small and large creeping crawlings. I will address more about the wildlife in Hong Kong in a later part.
Clothing: Waterproof and highly breathable. You may wonder why? The reason is simple, the humidity is high most of the time, and when it gets cold, the humidity will make you feel even colder. For those of you who are not from the northern hemisphere, following the 3 layers clothing approach should get you through the long cold night.
Tent: Pick a tent with a high function of ventilation. Again, it’s about the humidity, the moist or condensation will start to form once you get inside the tent. As the temperature drops, the inside of the tent gets colder and colder. Another accessory for the tent will be a footprint. It helps insulate from the ground and reduce the moist formed underneath your tent, which will cause a wet floor inside the tent.
How Seasons Change Affect Planning a Backpacking Trip?
I have mentioned a lot about summer and winter, what’s likely to happen and what to prepare. What about Spring and Autumn? Even though the two seasons are comparatively short, just account for around 4 months. Since the two seasons is the transition time for summer and winter, when there is a change in seasons, there will be some form of weather aggression.
From relatively dry and cold weather, it turns into a warm and extremely humid condition. The average humidity in Spring is ranging from 90-95%. The monsoon wind from the South-China Sea is bringing in warm air with a lot of moistures. A foggy day with very low visibility, sometimes you wouldn’t see your buddy just a few meters away. Drizzling rain throughout the day and night, it makes everything damped, and difficult to get a fire started. It will be cool or even cold during the dawn and the night, but it’s going to be very stuffy and humid during the day.
It doesn’t sound very ideal for going out, right? Let’s look at the bright side, especially when the weather beats you so badly. Spring is the blossom time for most of the plants, even just a window of sunlight, it dresses up nature’s surroundings like you are the Alice In The Wonderland. And the average temperature is around 18-degree celsius, which is a very ideal condition for outdoor activities.
Summer’s average temperature is around 33-degree celsius. It only takes less than 3 weeks to reach 20-degree celsius, the average temperature for Autumn. The sudden temperature drops make the weather even more unpredictable. Cold rains and strong winds, extra precaution need to be taken when going on an expedition trip. Generally speaking, the temperate and the humidity is reaching the equilibrium for body comfortability.
The residual heat will gradually release, you will find a hot tent in the middle of the night. For most of the campers and hikers, Autumn is the best time to go outdoors and do their loves. Unfortunately, Autumn is changing over the years. It has become less noticeable in recent decades. The transition time from summer to winter is shorter, and the average temperature for autumn and winter is getting closer to each other.
NOTE: This article is just a part of The Ultimate Backpacking Guide to Hong Kong.